Gardening GlossaryAerate - To loosen soil in order to relive compaction. This allows improved drainage and movement of air in the soil.
Annual - A plant which will not survive the winter e.g. summer bedding plants such as cosmos, surfinia, busy lizzie and petunia.
Bedding Plant - Plants that are not permanent which are usually planted in a bed, border or pot for display e.g. Marigold, petunia and geranium during the summer and cyclamen, small conifers and ivy during the winter.
Climber - A plant that climbs using other plants or objects such as trellis for support e.g. Clematis, Passiflora, Wisteria.
Conifer - A cone bearing tree or shrub. Almost always evergreen. E.g. Juniper, Spruce or Pine.
Deadheading - When flowers start to fade or die removing them (deadheading) will not only improve the look of the plant it will also encourage more flowering.
Deciduous - Plants that shed their leaves at the end of the growing season. The leaves will return at the beginning of the following year e.g. birch tree or spiraea.
Double – Flowered - Plants with multiple petals e.g. double busy lizzie.
Ericaceous - Plants such as Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia or Pieris, that do not like lime, require acid soil and like lots of peat.
Evergreen - Plant that retains its foliage all year.
Germination - The sprouting of a seed into a seedling.
Ground Cover - Low-growing, spreading plants which are good for covering the ground and help to prevent weeds E.g. ceanothus repens or juniper horizontalis.
Hardy - Plants that will survive 'our winter' and able to withstand temperatures below -7C.
Herbaceous - A non woody plant which dies down during the winter months and returns each spring e.g. Astillbe, Lupins, Salvia, Geum.
Herbicide - A chemical used to kill and control weeds.
Loam - Rich fertile soil with a balance of sand, clay and humus.
Mulch - Loose organic matter placed over soil a protective covering e.g. chipped bark or pine bark.
Perennial - A plant that will live in the garden or pots for years providing the conditions are suitable.
Variegated - Irregular markings in yellow or white found on leaves of plants e.g. ivy or holly